Monday, June 17, 2019

Reference Charts RF µWave Communications - Anritsu

These charts provide Band Designation, RF Measurements Conversion Tables, RF Spectrum Bands, RF Connector Comparison Tables, S-Paramaters, the Electromagnetic Spectrum, Waveguide Designation,

Power to Voltage Conversion, Spectrum Analyzer Conversion Factors, SWR ñ Reflection Coefficient ñ Return Loss, Power Measurements, Amplitude Modulation, Pulse Modulation, Frequency Modulation, and Bessel Functions. From - Anritsu Reference

Reference Charts RF µWave Communications - Anritsu

Reference Charts for RF & µWave Communications - Anritsu

"Conversion tables for return loss, reflection coefficicient, and SWR with values for interaction of a small phasor (utility reference) expressed in dB related to the reference.

In microwave circuit design S-parameters are very useful for the full characterisation of any 2 port network. In contrast to z,y and h-parameters, which require broadband short circuited and open circuited connections at the TEST ITEM for the measurement,

S-parameters are determined with input and output terminated with the resistive characteristic impedance of test systems (generally 50 ohms in a coaxial line system). Parasitic oscillations in active devices are minimised when these devices are terminated in resistive loads."

Sunday, June 02, 2019

100kHz Half Bridge Convertor - SG3525

This is a SMPS Circuit using SG3525 improved over the Application Note in the book SGS Motion Control Application Manual. This worked well. It helps you learn more about High Frequency Power Supply Design.

The PCB and Schematics have been listed below, PCB track thickness and reinforcements are critical. The transformer winding and isolation should be done in a professional manner.

Read about SG2525 - SG3525 - PWM SMPS Regulator Chip.

100kHz Half Bridge Convertor - SG3525

SG3525Voltage Mode PWM

SG2525 - SG3525 - PWM SMPS Regulator Chip. A second generation ic switch mode controller optimized for high frequency.

Saturday, June 01, 2019

Digital Circuits - PDF Circuits - delabs

These circuits are based on CD40xx Chips and other. You can use 74HCT or any other series that is available. use one family for a particular project. These were used nearly two decades ago. Use it for learning, glue logic or to interface your uC designs to external devices. Do not make only Logic based designs like some below. It would be better to use a uC, CPLD or FPGA if you are building a complex gadget Basic Digital Circuits

Digital Circuits - PDF Circuits - delabs

Digital Circuits - delabs

LM331 is a Voltage-to-Frequency Converters and 74C926 is a 4 Digit Counter. The first part of the circuit converts the amplified DC analog value from a shunt to pulses. The Second counts the pulses and Displays it on a Seven segment LED display.

Digital Timers, Counters and Clocks
  • Sequential Timer CD40xx
  • Sequential Timer 7217
  • Six Digit preset counter CD4518
  • Analog timer CD4541
  • Quad Presettable Timers
  • Digital Comparator 74HC85
  • Sequential Timer/counter 7217 with RAM
  • CD4060 and CD4020 based long duration timer.
  • Digital Timer Clock With Preset using Thumbwheel switch.
  • 1 Hz or 1 pps crystal clock using CD4060 and 32768 Hz Crystal
Mixed and Interface Circuits
  • Optical Proximity Switch
  • Profile Controller
  • Toaster timer 555
  • Quad analog input switch logic
  • Optical switch for water tap using LM555 and LM567
  • Diff input DS8830 to TTL convertor
  • Phase lock loop using 4046
  • Am hour meter for battery chargers or electroplating equipment. 74C926

Tuesday, May 21, 2019

Three Point Preset Counter

This is a prototype of a Preset Counter. It is built with ICM7217. The cabinet is ABS Plastic DIN 96-96. The Panel is Engraved on Acrylic.

I don't remember for which application it was used. It has three thumbwheel settings, when the proximity switch counts upto the set-value, the corresponding relay turns ON, with a State Indicating LED on front panel.

Three Point Preset Counter

These can be configured sequentially or to work synchronously, this depends on what customer wants. Both modes may give the same result. In sequential operation, Some of these counters-timers may need to wait for an external trigger or feedback from a limit switch or another process like pressure alarm. Then more Input options may have to be provided.

Basic Electronic Digital Circuits

Counters, timers, analog-process and its interconnectivity makes up the various process loops or chain-reactions in Machine control. The various types of sensors for measurement and feedback of analog and event parameters, monitor the mechanical system and communicate the data to the process instruments.

Resistors and How they Work

Resistors start from Wires to Wirewound Types. Carbon Film Resistors are most Common, Metal Film Resistors are more stable and accurate. We have now SMD types with lower power some are Laser Trimmed Types for accurate values. Resistors Arrays are used in Digital Circuits.

Types of Resistors - Color code and Other Resources

1/4 W Resistors have a Voltage rating of around 200-250V. Even when using a High value like 1 Meg use two in series when it is across Mains 230 V AC. 470K + 470K - you get around a Meg at 500V
Rating.

Resistors and How they Work

Resistor 1/4W Metal Film
A standard range of 1/4W Metal Film Resistors suitable for most applications. High stability and solid construction ensure a long and stable life. 1% tolerance for the full range from 1R to 10M.

Riedon Resistors - Wirewound, Thick & Thin Film, and also Foil resistive elements.current sense, high pulse, high surge, surface mount, power and precision wirewound resistors.

High Performance Resistor Networks from Caddock - precision resistors, high voltage resistors, current sense resistors, chip resistors, high frequency resistors, and load resistors.

Ohmite’s Audio Gold resistors have been carefully engineered with non-magnetic materials to eliminate the effects of these stray magnetic fields on circuit performance. Ohmite’s LVC Series low value chip resistors are ideal for today’s current sense applications requiring low profile, low cost solutions

Mains Transformers Types

Low Frequency Power Transformers are used to step down mains voltage of 230V or 110V to safer voltages like 12V and 6V. The core is made of laminations of a Conditioned Alloy of Iron. The windings are Enameled or Insulated Copper Wire. They provide both Isolation and Safety while Scaling the Voltage and Power.

Mains Voltage Power Transformers

Mains Transformers Types

Transformers Made by Hammond Manufacturing

Monday, April 22, 2019

Capilano Computing - DesignWorks Schematic Capture

A well known firm in software tools for electronic design. Incorporated in 1982, Products Include Designworks Professional, DesignWorks Simulator and LogicWorks.

Capilano Computing - DesignWorks Schematic Capture

"DesignWorks Professional 5 doesn't just provide an environment for a single goal. It allows you to recapture your investment dollars by being flexible enough to handle all your design goals, be the goal a PCB design, Spice analysis, or simulation. You are not locked in to one PCB or simulation vendor."

LogicWorks 5

What is LogicWorks 5

LogicWorks is an interactive circuit design tool intended for teaching and learning digital logic. No other software tool makes digital design easier, faster or more interactive than LogicWorks. The package gives you the power, speed and flexibility to create and test an unlimited number of circuit elements on-screen.

New in LogicWorks 5 for Windows is the ability to use a subset of the standard VHDL language to describe and simulate circuits. Hardware designs can freely mix devices and circuits described as schematic diagrams with blocks described textually using VHDL. See our VHDL page for a description of the language implementation in this version.

Capilano Computing
2631 Vikining Way, Suite 218  Richmond BC, Canada V6V 3B5

Thursday, April 18, 2019

Electricity and Magnetism - Molecular Expressions

These Tutors which are Interactive as well are useful for Students and Enthusiasts to enhance the Text Book reading.

Electricity and Magnetism - Molecular Expressions

These pages are good for any person who want to be more familiar with magnetism and electricity. This probably means everyone. Today Electricity Basics is General Knowledge and also an Absolute Essential.

Museum of Electricity and Magnetism - From the world's first "south-pointer" (an early compass) to modern instruments such as the magnetic force microscope, the Museum of Electricity and Magnetism on our sister website at the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory will introduce you to a variety of instruments, tools and machines devised over the centuries.

Electricity and Magnetism - Molecular Expressions
Faraday's Magnetic Field Induction Experiment

In 1831, Michael Faraday made his discovery of electromagnetic induction with an experiment using two coils of wire wound around opposite sides of a ring of soft iron similar to the experiment setup below.

Hobby DIY Garage