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Monday, January 20, 2020

Revealing the Ideas behind Circuits

Electronic circuitry is more art than science. Inventing novel electronic circuits is a result of human fantasy, imagination and enthusiasm.

Revealing the Ideas behind Circuits

We treat electronic circuitry not only as a science, but also as an art. Inventing novel electronic circuits is a result of human fantasy, imagination and enthusiasm.

Practical Electronics

Fortunately, abstract electronic circuits are based on clear and simple ideas, which we may derive from our human routine. In order to really understand how circuits operate, we have first to reveal the basic ideas on which they are grounded..."

This book is part of a series on Electric Circuits:

Practical Electronics

The aim of this book is to teach you simple analogue and digital electronics at a practical level. For the in-depth theory of electronics, please read the Electronics Textbook. By the end of this book, you should be able to combine circuit elements to create more complex circuits, and have an understanding of how it works.

Aaron Cake Electronics

Aaron Cake  has many electronic circuits and other electronics information in his archive that is online since the 90s. Antique electronics and Parallel Port Programming.

Aaron Cake Electronics

Aaron Cake Electronics

The Schematic Symbol Reference, How To Solder and Desolder helped many electronic beginners in building their Projects. This was a valuable resource in those days even though it appears common today. The internet was used to genuinely share useful learning and ideas.

DMM or Digital Multi Meter

A nice DMM is the first thing you should own. Have one for High Voltage and High Energy and another for Workbench Testing.

DMM or Digital Multi Meter

Better to use external attenuators and shunts when high energy is involved. Make yourself and your instruments last for some time. Safety is first. Footwear and Gloves can help.

Tutorials on Basics and Instrumentation Electronics

Digital Multi Meter - New Year Resolutions
  1. I will not drop the DMM from a height of 4 feet.
  2. I will not Test Live Powered equipment in the Ohms Mode.
  3. I shall not Measure Mains Voltage in The Current Mode.
  4. I shall get it calibrated once a year or at least once a decade.
  5. I shall not use it in High Energy Measurements.
  6. I will try my best not to give it to my best friend.
  7. I can remember Red is Positive and Black is negative.
  8. I will wear shoes and stand on a block of wood while i test.
  9. I shall not operate the rotary range switch at high speeds.
  10. I shall replace the probes-cables-connectors on wear-tear.
  11. I shall not accidentally keep the hot-iron near the DMM or leads.
  12. I shall not keep DMM on tall table and pull it with the leads.

Friday, November 15, 2019

Op Amp Circuit Collection- National Semiconductor

This is a like a Opamp Design Quick Reference. All the generic configurations and also example designs help you start building the Analog Blocks for your Instrument, Equipment or Gadget. It would be ideal if you test out all the configurations on a breadboard. Then try building a Measurement device with demanding specs. A Micro-ohmmeter is a suggestion i would give for testing your skills.

Op Amp Circuit Collection - National Semiconductor - Application Note 31

Op Amp Circuit Collection- National Semiconductor

Op Amp Circuit Collection- National Semiconductor

Contact resistance of connectors is in micro-ohms. Here contact resistance can also be affected by contamination, thermoelectric EMF. One Amp of current is passed thru the specimen, a connector and the voltage measured. The measured voltage is in micro-volts, a small analog challenge. Sometimes the test current can be even 10 Amps pulsed and the voltage measured quickly. A sample and hold synced with the pulse has to be designed. The voltage sample is taken in the middle of the pulse. Build such things, that will build the analog skills. Remember the Real world is Analog.

Also try my Interactive Opamp Tutors - Slide Pots, operate mV sources and see Outputs.

delabs design Notes 90s

Engineering and Technology – James B. Calvert

Many may already know about these EE Educational pages with Circuits of J. B. Calvert. These pages are valuable as they are like a summation of Important and Practical Sections in many EE Subjects. If you want to master the basics of EE, these pages will propel you in the right direction.

A Welath of Information is at the site - Dr James B. Calvert Associate Professor Emeritus of Engineering, University of Denver and Registered Professional Engineer, State of Colorado. An EE-Encyclopedia Almost.

Engineering and Technology - James B. Calvert
"An extensive series of pages based on experiments that can be done in the personal or home laboratory. The emphasis is on enjoyment and intellectual pleasure, but there is much practical matter as well."

Electronics Index - Includes vacuum tubes and cathode-ray tubes, with many experiments for the home laboratory. Nixie clocks too.

The Electronics Index of J. B. Calvert

The Atmel AVR microprocessors are very similar functionally to the PIC microprocessors, with the same range in size from 8-bit, 8-pin PDIP to 32-bit processors with 100 pins, and similar features.
Atmel AVR 8-Bit Microcontrollers

The ATtiny13A will operate from a supply voltage as low as 1.8V (maximum clock speed 4 Mhz), and with a full 20 MHz clock speed at 4.5V and above. The current drain is much reduced at the lower supply voltages and clock frequencies.

A Magnetometer - It is easy to measure moderate magnetic fields using a Hall sensor, such as the Allegro A1302 linear Hall sensor, available from Jameco. A PIC12F675 can digitize the output of the sensor and display it on a serial LCD display, such as the Newhaven NHD-0216K3Z-FL-GBW 2 line x 16 digit display. This system is shown breadboarded in the figure at the right, measuring the field between the poles of a horseshoe magnet.