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Tuesday, March 31, 2009

Two Set Point - Display Card - Process Controller

This is the pcb board details of a Two Set Point Controllers for any process, shown here for temperature. For new types of transducers or input types, module card has to be designed or modified. The other cards remain the same.

The cabinet of these process controllers were made of steel for shielding, but the display card would still pickup EMI in some cases. These were more in instances where the Instrument supply was derived from the motor 3-phase supply. Instrumentation Supplies 230V AC must come from a Lighting Circuit of another supply arm, this has to come after conditioning with EMI-RFI filters and Servo Stabilizers or UPS if possible. This way the load spikes-glitches due to turn-on and turn-off of Motors and Heaters. dont act as a feedback to instruments. If line-load regulation is bad and mains voltage unstable, more problems can be expected.

This front panel shielding was done with a semi farady cage, by having a ground plane on the front of PCB, facing operator. This is just the negative of solder mask, but is the copper layer in front, no pth processing, even though it is two layer pcb. The solution worked well.

Display Card - Shield

Proportional Module for Process Controller

When you need a proportional control output, either 4-20mA or Time Proportional On-Off, This module is used. It does a slow PWM control, the cycle time for SSR or Thyristor Banks can be closer to Mains Frequency. The 4-20mA can be used to drive motors for turning valves for fuel or fluid heat control.

Schematics of Module

Board of Module

Tuesday, March 10, 2009

Temperature Controller Main Card

This contains the Main card with a Power Supply and Relay Control. On this card is connected the Display ICL7107 - Temperature controller.

The Thermocouple and Control Modules can be plugged into this card, these change the type of control and type of inputs. This way this can be made into any parameter controller with any type of input and output. But it is all set in production, not configurable at site.

So even if you make a 4-20mA output Flow Controller with this, the Main card and Display card remains the same. Only the Modules change. No Connectors are used, to make it vibration resistant.

The PCB Layout is here

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