Thursday, July 26, 2018

Learning Science to Promote Scientific Thinking

Here are some resources of Science, i found useful. Latest news on science, technology, hard science subjects of physics, space and earth science, electronics, nanotechnology and technology in general.

Museums are virtual Universities. 3D Scaled Interactive Scientific and Engineering Demonstrations in Tech Museums Inspire, Educate and Train many students on Science and Technology Subjects.

Learning Science to Promote Scientific Thinking

Such Live Interactive Demonstrations may be very useful for Maths and Economics as well. These are Subtle and Complex Sciences which need Gross Manifests or Exhibits to help youngsters grasp Ideas and Concepts easily.

PhysOrg - science and tech news
Publishing around 100 articles every business day, PhysOrg offers the most comprehensive sci-tech news coverage on the web. PhysOrg exclusive feature stories are original and not found elsewhere on the web.

Multimedia Physics - SchulPhysik
Physics and Physlets. Astronomy - planet, space weather, cosmos. Mathematics - algebra to statistics. Optics and electrical. Geophysics, Energy, Galileo.

Mike's Electric Stuff is an Online Electrical Vintage Tour, back in time.

Flinn Scientific - Science Activities - Sells educational science supplies. Site has especially useful information on lab safety and lab design.  Physical Science Activities - Exciting experiments which illustrate important scientific concepts and are exciting for both you and your students

National Science Digital Library - NSDL was established by the National Science Foundation (NSF) in 2000 as an online library which directs users to exemplary resources for science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education and research.

Wednesday, July 18, 2018

Electrochemistry Encyclopedia

This site contains popular-science style articles describing many aspects of electrochemistry. New articles are added at irregular intervals, and all articles are periodically updated as recent developments occur in the field.

Electrochemistry Encyclopedia
  • Anodizing - Robert S Alwitt
  • Brine electrolysis - Tilak V. Bommaraju and Paul J. Orosz
  • Corrosion inhibition - Norman Hackerman
  • Dielectrics - William D. Brown, Dennis Hess, Vimal Desai, and M. Jamal Deen
  • Electric fish, electric organ discharges, and electroreception - Theodore H. Bullock
  • Electrochemical engineering - Richard C. Alkire and Thomas W. Chapman
  • Electrochemical machining - Joseph McGeough
Electrolytic Capacitors - Electrolytic capacitors are capacitors in which one or both of the "plates" is a non-metallic conductive substance, an electrolyte.

Electrolytic Capacitors

Extractive metallurgy

"Metal sulfide flotation concentrates can be treated in a number of ways. These include using pyrometallurgy, or smelting at high temperature, in which process the sulfur in the metal sulfide is oxidized with air or oxygen to sulfur dioxide, and molten metal is produced."

Electrochemistry is the branch of physical chemistry that studies the relationship between electricity, as a measurable and quantitative phenomenon, and identifiable chemical change, with either electricity considered an outcome of a particular chemical change or vice ver


Materials-Science of which Chemical/Electrochemical Engineering is a part; is behind all the development of electronic components and manufacturing. The Backbone is Applied Science. A Super Capacitor or a Special RF Semiconductor can only be developed using the research and efforts of these scientists.

The Sciences or their study has been much nurtured and supported by some countries like the USA. This is the foundation on which many other Technologies like Electronics and Computing thrive. In many other countries this is many times not even perceived as its is not 'glamorous' and requires much efforts and dedication.

"If the Foundation of Applied Sciences is sound, the Building of Technology is Sturdy"

As said by - Elektrick Power Jedi - Charge Minds with Electricity - delabs Notes

Friday, July 13, 2018

Production Notes - Electromechanical - 01

Production, especially prototype testing and Pilot Production exposes lot of engineering and serviceability issues. When you mass produce, it is more streamlined, yet the scope for improvement never ends. The process should always be open to feedback and improvements. - delabs

Practical Electronics at Wikibooks - Nice page to learn basics before you study my points down below.

Practical Electronics at Wikibooks
Other essentials include a small pair of needle-nose pliers, side-cutting pliers, stainless steel or nickel-plated tweezers, wire strippers, a hobby knife with replaceable blades (e.g., X-Acto), and an analogue or digital multimeter with test leads.
delabs Experience - Points to Note
  • The tracks or components on a PCB should not be near the mounting holes, the tracks may form electrical connections with the cabinet earth if they touch the pillar, washer or nut-bolt.
  • When you tighten the screws-nuts-bolt, limit torque by feeling or with torque limit screwdrivers, or thread will slip or PCB-Cabinet break, or CRT-Glass-Plastic will crack-shatter.
  • After assembly and testing is over on a board, do not drill-file it, it should have been done before. Else components crack or tracks break or small metal pieces will form shorts.
  • The Mechanical and electro-mechanical must be streamlined before production, for example when fitting the board the screwdriver may slip and break a zener. The product should be engineered in such a way that it fits easily and the testing and quality checks need not be repeated.
  • Some mechanical failures may not be visible but may show up as a field failure after even 3 months. this will make you lose further orders and ruin the reputation. Hence engineering is vital.
  • Alumina-Aluminum oxide powder mixed in epoxy resin (araldite) can make thermally conductive insulating filler, heatsinks. The Alumina must be free of moisture and very dry.
  • When you drive nails into walls ensure that that part of the wall is free of mains, telephone or any wiring.
  • Some pcbs can have hairline cuts or hairline shorts which will make troubleshooting difficult.
  • Never put or remove ICs, cards or plug-in modules when the power to that system is on, power off system wait for some time for caps to discharge, then insert ICs or cards, applies to PCs too, USB and Firewire ports are exceptions as they are hotplug, anyway even in this, take a bit of care.
  • Use RTV (room temperature vulcanizing) silicone rubber compound or Varnish on PCB-devices to avoid corrosion-dust. more so in industrial environment, ships and chemical industries.
  • Whenever you use nuts and bolts to fasten a PCB or parts to a cabinet use a spring washer, double nut or adhesive to prevent slip. When a loose nut falls on the pcb or transformer sparks will fly.
  • Do not mix mechanical and electrical connections, these leads to failures and frequent need of repairs and service.
Tutorials on Basics and Instrumentation - Theory must be studied once and referred to, again and again as you do practicals. One is by building DIY projects and then modifying them. Also Repair of equipment, troubleshooting, testing and calibrating.

Contents

Basic Electronics
Basics of Electronics
Product Production
Work Discipline
Testing Points
Learning Electronics
Electronics Theory

Production Notes
Prototype Fabrication
Electrical Circuits
Electromechanical


Library
Scots Guide Electronics
Engineering - Wikibooks
Design Lab - Jim Svoboda
DC Circuits UOG
Socratic Electronics
Blobz Guide Electric Circuits


Product Design
Product Development
Constant Current Source
Good Voltage Regulators
Insulation Resistance
Digital Insulation Tester
DN Schematic PCB 04
DN Product Design 07


Hobby Circuits
VU Meter Circuits
LED brightness control
555 Incredible Chip
Process Control
liquid level measurement
Thermocouples and RTD
Design ADC Interface uC
Thermocouple Amplifier
IA Instrumentation 02
Temperature on DMM
Optical Proximity Switch
Analog Mux - Data Acquisition


Test Measurement
Instrumentation Automation
NI Test and Measurement
DMM Digital Multi Meter
Oscilloscope in T&M
IA Automation 01
Build Instruments
Tektronix T&M Equipment
Educators Corner – Agilent


Power Electronics
UPS Background
Transformer Connections
DN Power Electronics 03
DN Power Electronics 02
Half Bridge Convertor SG3525


Embedded
Interfacing Microcontrollers
Embedded Process Control
80C31 8052 Microcontroller
Microprocessors and uC
Embedded Systems Design

Components
Good Voltage Regulators
Relays and Contactors
Potentiometers Trimpots
Prototype Boards Types
Types of Capacitors
Types of Switches
Resistors How they Work
Coils Transformers SMPS
Mains Transformers Types
DN Components Selection 05

Tutor Gadgets
Count-Up Timer
Digital Logic Gates
Electronics Tutors

History
Teaching Instruments
Charles Proteus Steinmetz
Muntzing a Circuit Design
Teralab Electronics projects
Historical Instruments


Tables, Charts, Videos
Binary and Hex
Resistor Color Code
Ohms Law
Giga, Tera, Pico, Nano
High Resistance Materials

Analog
School - Analog Design
DN Analog Basics 06
DN Op-Amps 01
TI Semiconductors

Search This Blog